Notes for the first Year D.T.Ed. students … … UNIT – 3 : LISTENING & SPEAKING
Language is a powerful tool. A language is best learned through language use.‘ Speech is primary in learning a language. The skill of listening is essential to speak a language. Listening is a receptive skill where as speaking is a productive skill. There are three basic stages in listening. They are: Learning
A good listener can become an effective & successful communicator.
Tips for effective Listening:
- Assimilate and process information
- Be attentive
- Eye contact
- Focus on content
- Listening completely
- Avoid emotional involvement
- Avoid distraction
Listening with understanding is the foremost important skill in learning the target language. The children should be provided more exposure to listening to the target language. More listening experiences help the learners to learn the language easily with fluency. This can be practiced by tasks given in the classroom like ’Fill in the box with instructions, listen and find, do it quickly, Recognition.
Sounds, and ‘Draw what I say’ etc., and Listen and Respond etc.,
Language learning is nothing but listening to sounds recognizing and repeating it. In the target language, there are 26 letters representing 44 sounds. Among 26 alphabets of English, five are vowels and 21 consonants. In the 44 sounds of English, 20 are vowels and 24 are consonants. The 44 sounds of English are symbols written within slashes.
Consonant sounds: The consonant sounds include plosives, fricatives, affricates, lateral, a frictionless continuant, nasal sounds and semi-vowels.
Define plosives: / p / / b /
/ t / / d /
/ k / / g /
The plosives occur in initial, medial and final position.
pit , apple , tip
bit , rabbit , lab
For complete notes in pdf version click the title below: